Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm An abdominal aortic aneurysm, also called AAA or triple A, is a bulging, weakened area in the wall of the aorta (the largest artery in the body) resulting in an abnormal ballooning greater than 50 percent of the normal width. Learn more about this potential life-threatening medical emergency. Open Video Transcript
ACL Injuries The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) of the knee can be injured during sporting activities, particularly when an athlete pivots suddenly. The ACL is one of four knee ligaments that stabilize the knee. This video discusses how the knee works and what you should do if you sustain an ACL injury.
Ankylosing Spondylitis Ankylosing spondylitis is a form of arthritis that primarily affects the ligaments and joints of the spine, especially the lower back. As the disease progresses, it can cause a "hunchback" effect. Find out how this condition develops and the treatments available.
Back Health: Lifting
Back Health: Lifting To protect your back when lifting an object, keep your spine in proper alignment. Discover other ways you can avoid back injuries.
Blood Sugar Testing
Blood Sugar Testing Monitoring your blood sugar level can help you control your diabetes and your risk for developing complications such as eye or kidney disease. View this video and learn how and why checking your blood sugar regularly plays an important role in diabetes management.
Breast Biopsy If you have a lump in your breast or a suspicious area on your mammogram or ultrasound, your health care provider may recommend a breast biopsy. Having a biopsy doesn't necessarily mean you have cancer. View this video to learn about the types of biopsies available and what to expect during the procedure.
Breast Cancer Screening
Breast Cancer Screening The goal of breast cancer screening is to detect cancer at the earliest possible stage, when it is most treatable. Take a look at the three components of breast screening, which are a breast self-exam, a clinical exam by your doctor, and a mammogram.
Bursitis Bursitis is an inflammation of a closed sac of fluid located near the joints called a bursa. When the bursa becomes inflamed, it causes joint pain and swelling. Learn about the causes and treatment of bursitis, as well as what you can do to help prevent its recurrence.
Burst Fracture A burst fracture is a traumatic fracture of the bones of the spine often caused by a fall when you land on your feet. The fractured bones spread out and may damage the spinal cord. This video discusses the potential serious effects of this injury, which can lead to paralysis and other health problems.
Cardiac Arrhythmias The beating of your heart is very organized, taking its cue from a built-in electrical system. A normal heart rate is regular, at 60 to 100 beats per minute. An arrhythmia is any kind of abnormal heartbeat—too fast, too slow, or irregular. This video explains different arrhythmias and what you should do if you have one.
Cardiac Catheterization Cardiac catheterization procedure can diagnose a variety of heart conditions and determine the health of your coronary arteries, heart valves, and heart muscle. View this video to learn what happens during this procedure and various treatment options.
Cardiac Rehabilitation Physical activity is healthy for your heart—even after you've had a heart attack or bypass surgery. It's important to start out slowly, under the supervision of cardiac rehab specialists. In this video, you'll learn what's involved in cardiac rehab and how it can benefit your health in the long term.
Cardiac Stress Tests
Cardiac Stress Tests A cardiac stress test may be ordered if you have or are suspected of having coronary artery disease. This test evaluates your heart’s response to stress or exercise. Watch this video and learn what to expect before, during, and after this procedure. Other types of stress tests will also be presented.
Carotid Artery Disease
Carotid Artery Disease Carotid artery disease is a progressive disease involving the carotid arteries, which are located in the neck. these arteries supply blood to the brain. If you have carotid artery disease, view this video to learn more.
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a condition that causes numbness and aching in the hands and arms. CTS becomes worse with excessive use of the wrist, common in certain sports or occupations. In this video, you will learn how CTS develops and what you can do to prevent it.
Cataracts A cataract is a clouding of the natural lens within the eye that often occurs as a person ages. Long-term steroid use and diabetes are risk factors. Find out what you can expect if you develop a cataract.
Cervical Disk Rupture
Cervical Disk Rupture The vertebrae in your spine are cushioned by soft disks. When one of the disks in your neck (which is the cervical area of your spine) ruptures, the result can be neck pain. Watch this video to find out the possible causes and recommended treatment.
Cholesterol Screening Your body needs cholesterol to make hormones and to keep your cells healthy. Cholesterol comes from two sources: your liver and your diet. However, if your diet exceeds the body’s need for cholesterol or saturated fats, your cholesterol level in your blood will increase. This video discusses treatments and lifestyle changes that may be prescribed by your doctor.
Cluster Headache Cluster headaches are uncommon, but when they occur, they bring on severe head pain. This headache is constant, and is focused in and around one eye. Discover the possible causes of this type of headache and recommended treatments.
Colon Cancer Screening
Colon Cancer Screening Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer in men and women in the US. A low-fiber, high-fat diet appears to increase the risk for this type of cancer. In this video, you'll learn how colon cancer can be detected early and therefore, treated more successfully.
Colonoscopy Colonoscopy is a procedure that lets your doctor see directly inside your entire colon using a flexible tube. It can detect intestinal problems such as bleeding or early signs of colorectal cancer. In this video, you'll learn what you might experience during a colonoscopy and what to expect given your particular results.
Common Changes During Pregnancy
Common Changes During Pregnancy Certain changes and discomforts occur during pregnancy - and are perfectly normal. Some of these changes include backache, frequent urination, and constipation. This video describes typical changes, how to safely relieve your discomfort, and what circumstances require a visit to your doctor.
Concussion A concussion is an injury to the brain caused by a blow to the head, or by striking the head on another object. It may result in loss of consciousness or confusion, and the effects usually resolve in a few hours or days. Learn what happens during a concussion, how it should be treated, and what preventive steps to take.
Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery
Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery This procedure, a common type of open heart surgery, is one way to treat blockages in the arteries of the heart. Watch the video and learn about the surgery and what you can expect during recovery and rehabilitation.
Coronary Artery Disease: Treatment
Coronary Artery Disease: Treatment Coronary artery disease (CAD) develops when the arteries that supply blood to the heart muscle harden and narrow with a buildup of plaque. Examine the goals of treatment.
Cubital Tunnel Syndrome
Cubital Tunnel Syndrome This condition occurs when pressure is put on the ulnar nerve at the elbow. The ulnar nerve, one of the three major nerves in the arm, passes through the cubital tunnel inside the elbow. This video explains the condition, including its symptoms and possible treatment.
Diabetes Related Eye Disease
Diabetes Related Eye Disease People with diabetes may develop eye problems such as glaucoma and diabetic retinopathy. In this video, you'll find out more about these problems and what you can do to prevent them. The best approach is good control of your blood sugar levels. You should also have a yearly eye exam.
Diabetes, Type 1
Diabetes, Type 1 Type 1 diabetes is a disease of the insulin-producing cells of the pancreas that results in the inability of the body to metabolize nutrients normally. Type 1 diabetes is caused by a lack of insulin. Insulin is a hormone produced by special cells in the pancreas called beta cells. In most individuals with type 1 diabetes, beta cells are destroyed by the body's own natural defense system, the immune system. Open Video Transcript
Diabetes, Type 2
Diabetes, Type 2 Diabetes is a chronic disease that keeps the body from turning food into energy. Early in type 2 diabetes, cells in the body do not respond well to insulin. This is known as insulin resistance. Insulin is produced by the pancreas and is needed to take glucose from the bloodstream into the cells, where it is used as fuel. If cells cannot respond to insulin, or if insulin is not produced, the body cannot use the energy from food. Open Video Transcript
Diverticulitis Diverticuli are herniations in the muscular layer of the colon that produce small, saclike swellings. Diverticulitis occurs when diverticuli become inflamed and infected. Examine the possible causes of this condition, common symptoms, and available treatments.
EGD: Upper Endoscopy
EGD: Upper Endoscopy An upper endoscopy (EGD) allows a doctor to visualize your esophagus, stomach, and duodenum, or the upper part of your small intestine. EGD uses a special tube to help diagnose illnesses such as acid reflux or peptic ulcer disease. In this video, you'll learn what you might experience during the actual procedure, as well as its benefits, and any potential risks.
Exercise During Pregnancy
Exercise During Pregnancy There are benefits to getting regular exercise during pregnancy for most women. Work with your health care provider to develop a safe exercise program you can do throughout your pregnancy. This video discusses the benefits of exercise, as well as recommendations on how to exercise.
Flexible Sigmoidoscopy Sigmoidoscopy allows a doctor to examine the lower portion of your colon using a thin tube. It may be used to help diagnose certain intestinal problems that can cause symptoms such as constipation or diarrhea, and abdominal pain. Abnormal growths may also be detected. This video describes a sigmoidoscopy and how it may inform you about your colorectal health.
Foot Care for People with Diabetes
Foot Care for People with Diabetes Maintaining normal blood sugar levels helps to prevent diabetic foot problems: nerve damage, poor circulation, and infection. This video demonstrates how to do daily foot care that can impact the development of these complications.
Heart Attacks Millions of Americans suffer heart attacks every year. Explore what happens during a heart attack and what can be done to minimize the damage.
Heart Failure Heart failure is a condition in which your heart cannot pump enough oxygenated blood to meet your body’s needs. This video explains the different types of heart failure, and the treatments that can help you manage your condition and live a healthy life.
Hip Arthritis and Replacement
Hip Arthritis and Replacement When the hip joint is injured or develops arthritis, hip replacement surgery may be recommended. Take a closer look at hip arthritis and what to expect during hip replacement surgery.
Hysterectomy Hysterectomy is a major surgical procedure in which the uterus and possibly the cervix, ovaries, and fallopian tubes are removed. Fibroids in the uterus are a common reason for a hysterectomy. In this video, you'll find out other medical conditions that may require a hysterectomy and what to expect if you need this procedure.
Impingement Syndrome If the bones and tissue in your upper arm are improperly aligned, you have impingement syndrome. This condition is often a precondition for many common shoulder ailments, including bursitis, tendonitis, and arthritis. Find out the possible causes and recommended treatment.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Irritable Bowel Syndrome Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a disease affecting the intestines. The cause of IBS is not known, but stress and emotions are thought to be contributing factors. Learn more details about this common disorder, which affects up to 15 percent of Americans.
Kidney Care for People with Diabetes
Kidney Care for People with Diabetes The delicate filtering network in your kidneys can be damaged over time by uncontrolled blood sugar, making it more difficult for your body to remove waste materials. This video explains why it's important to have your urine tested for protein if you have diabetes. It also offers other recommendations to help prevent kidney damage.
Kidney Stones Kidney stones are a common problem, that affect about 12 percent of men and 5 percent of women. Stones are typically caused by an imbalance in the urinary system caused by too little water, too much oxalate, or too much calcium. In this video, you'll find out how kidney stones develop, and what you can do to prevent them.
Labor and Delivery
Labor and Delivery Labor differs from woman to woman and from pregnancy to pregnancy, but common signs and symptoms can let you know when it is starting. Contractions that increase in strength and frequency are a sure sign you are in true labor. This video discusses the three stages of labor and delivery, as well as types of delivery.
Low Back Pain
Low Back Pain Acute low back pain usually results from an injury or an accident, and lasts less than a week. Chronic low back pain may last for more than three months. This video looks at how to manage both acute and chronic back pain.
Lumbar Disk Disease
Lumbar Disk Disease Your lumbar spine, or lower back, is made of five vertebrae separated by cushioning disks of cartilage. Degenerative conditions or trauma can damage a disk, allowing the material inside to bulge into the spinal canal. Discover the effects of this bulging or herniated disk.
Melanoma Screening Skin cancer is the most common cancer in the US. Melanoma is the least common, but the most deadly of the three skin cancer types. In this video, you'll learn who's at risk for melanoma, what to look for to help detect this cancer, and what you can do to prevent it.
Meniscal Injuries Knee injuries are common problems—and not just in athletes. Often the cartilage, called the meniscus, can be damaged when you twist your upper leg while keeping your foot in one place. Learn how meniscal injuries are treated and how you can prevent them.
Menopause Menopause marks the end of a woman's menstrual periods. Menopause officially begins one year after your periods have stopped completely. This video explains what occurs in the time leading up to menopause and what can be done to relieve symptoms such as hot flashes.
Metered-Dose Inhaler An MDI is the most commonly used inhaler in treating lung diseases such as asthma and COPD. Unfortunately, many people who need an inhaler do not use it correctly, so they don't receive the full benefit of the medication. Watch this video to learn the best way to use your inhaler
Migraine Headache Migraine headaches are intense, recurrent headaches that may occur at any age, but usually begin between the ages of 10 and 30 years. While the precise cause is unknown, it is hereditary in up to 80 percent of patients who experience them. This video gives additional details about migraines, including their symptoms and effective treatments.
Multiple Sclerosis Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a slowly progressive disease of the central nervous system. MS damages the protective covering of nerve fibers. Learn about possible causes, the range of symptoms, and treatments available.
Myasthenia Gravis Myasthenia gravis is a disease of the central nervous system characterized by sporadic muscular fatigue and weakness. This disease occurs primarily in the muscles of swallowing and chewing, as well as the muscles of the eyes, face, and neck. Explore possible causes of this disease, as well as available treatments.
Obesity People can become obese by taking in more calories than they burn. Obesity also appears to be influenced by genetics. This video discusses the health risks associated with obesity and what treatment and lifestyle changes are commonly recommended.
Osteoarthritis Osteoarthritis most commonly affects the knees, hips, spine, and other weight-bearing joints in the body. Sometimes called the "wear and tear" arthritis, advancing age is a risk factor, but so are obesity and severe injury to the joint. This video discusses the symptoms, treatment, and steps you can take to minimize pain from osteoarthritis.
Ovarian Cysts An ovarian cyst is a fluid-filled sac that forms on or in the ovary. Most cysts are harmless and don't cause any symptoms. In this video, you'll learn about different types of ovarian cysts and what treatment may be recommended if you have one.
Pacemakers You may need a pacemaker if you have an abnormal heartbeat. To understand how a pacemaker works, watch this video. It will also help you learn how to care for and live with your pacemaker.
Paralysis: For Caregivers
Paralysis: For Caregivers Living with a disability is a family affair, and caregivers can feel overwhelmed by their responsibilities. This video looks at the role of the caregiver, and how a caregiver can cope with the emotional and physical demands of his or her responsibilities.
Paralysis: Hands-Free Computing
Paralysis: Hands-Free Computing The computer is one of the most liberating tools for people with disabilities. It can take information from not only a keyboard, but also a mouth stick, voice, Morris code, or other device. Explore the options available for hands-free computing.
Paralysis: Independent Living Centers
Paralysis: Independent Living Centers For people who are newly disabled, independent living centers can be a primary resource. ILCs offer a range of assistance, including advocacy, information and referral, housing, and peer counseling. Here is a comprehensive look at ILCs and how they can help you.
Paralysis: Paralysis Resource Center
Paralysis: Paralysis Resource Center The Christopher and Dana Reeve Paralysis Resource Center promotes the health and well-being of both people living with paralysis and their families. Learn about the center and its mission to provide comprehensive information resources and referral services.